About the Dachshund Dog Breed

 
 

Molly, Frank, T-Bone

Dachshund, heard as Dockson, is a dog breed known for its short legs and long body. Perhaps you have met someone with a Dachshund dog breed. And quite possibly, his name was Frank or Oscar. And perhaps you were told that this dog is a wiener dog.

 Like the word ‘wiener’, the Dachshund dog breed (and the word ‘Dachshund’) is German in origin. The Dachshund dog breed was originally bred to flush badgers from there dens. The Dachshund would dig into the burrows of badgers or other small game, corner it, kill it, and drag it out. In early German history (16th century and later) the Dachshund dog breed was known as the Little Burrow Dog, Dacksel, or Badger Dog. In fact, ‘dachs’ means ‘badger’ in German. And ‘hund’ means dog. Today, while we call it a Dachshund, Germany calls it a Teckel.

Besides having terrier-like traits, the Dachshund dog breed can also be playful, affectionate, good with children, a good watchdog, and a great housedog. While the Dachshund dog breed is all about fun, they generally don’t like strangers and are usually a one-family kind of dog. Some have a tendency to bark. And like a lot of small breed dogs, the Dachshund dog breed can have that ‘big dog’ mentality and have no fear when it comes to telling larger dogs who’s the boss.

The eagerness and persistence of the Dachshund dog breed to hunt and kill game often makes people think the Dachshund is a terrier breed. Like terriers, the Dachshund dog breed is bold and courageous, self-willed, tenacious, and energetic. However, the Dachshund dog breed is not considered a terrier by the American Kennel Club (AKC). And despite their rather small size, they are not considered a toy dog breed either. The Dachshund dog breed is in the AKC Hound Dog breed category.

While the Dachshund dog breed can have a high energy level, a short daily walk and/or focused play time is all they need. Lack of playtime, walks, and attention can lead to destructive behavior such as digging and chewing. Both digging and chewing are part of their genetic disposition to dig for prey and ‘kill’ things by chewing them to pieces. Even with plenty of exercise, careful training may be needed to help prevent or redirect such destructive behavior.

The Dachshund dog breed comes in a variety of sizes, shapes, and colors. The two sizes recognized by the AKC are the mini Dachshund and the standard Dachshund. The mini Dachshund dog breed is generally under 11 pounds and stands only 5-6 inches tall. The standard Dachshund dog breed is more than 11 pounds and can weigh as much as 30+ pounds. While much heavier, the standard Dachshund dog breed is only about 8-9 inches tall.

Each of the two sizes of the Dachshund dog breed also comes in three different coat varieties. The smooth coat variety requires weekly brushing while the long coat variety needs brushing at least twice a week. And the wire coat variety requires special coat stripping at least twice yearly. Stripping involves pulling out dead wire coat hair by hand. Although the hand stripping process doesn’t hurt the dog, it can be annoying to them so it is a good idea to get them used to it when they are young.

Size and coat variety of the Dachshund dog breed makes 6 combinations recognized by the AKC. Add the different colors in which the Dachshund dog breed comes in and you have over 60 variations of the same dog. More if you count the possible colors which are not recognized by the AKC. Solid colors include red, sable, wheaten, or cream. Two-combination colors include black and tan, chocolate and tan or chocolate and cream, gray (or blue) and tan, fawn and tan, and single dapple. Single dapple is a lighter color set on a dark background in various patterns – sometimes called merle. But the color combinations don’t stop there. Multi-color combinations of the Dachshund dog breed include wild boar and tan, brindle, and double dapple which is basically a single dapple with white.

If purchasing a Dachshund dog breed, make sure the breeder is a reputable breeder. Generally, a Dachshund with a more exotic color is most likely bred by an irresponsible backyard breeder or puppy mill than from a reputable breeder. Just because a Dachshund has AKC papers does not mean that they were bred responsibly. Most reputable breeders of the Dachshund dog breed will be part of the Dachshund Club of America. We found some great information about ill-bred Dachshunds versus responsibly bred Dachshunds at http://www.12many.com/duchwood/colorpat.html.

Another danger of purchasing a Dachshund without researching the breeder is acquiring a dog with hereditary health issues. The Dachshund dog breed can be prone to intervertebral or degenerative disk disease, or dry eye. In Intervertebral disk disease, the cartilage between the vertebra of the spine are deformed or easily damaged which can cause severe back problems, pain, and/or paralysis. Dry eye can affect both eyes and can eventually lead to blindness. While these health issues can occur in any Dachshund dog breed, they are more likely to occur in dogs bred irresponsibly since puppy mill breeders and backyard breeders either don’t know or don’t care about avoiding these issues.

The Dachshund dog breed is also prone to obesity. The obesity, in turn, can lead to severe back problems. Therefore, in addition to regular exercising, careful attention to the amount, frequency, and type of dog food may be needed for the Dachshund dog breed.

All-in-all, the Dachshund dog breed is a great family dog. If you want a Dachshund as a pet, consider adoption or purchasing from a responsible breeder. Give him lots of love and attention. And for goodness sakes, try to come up with a more creative name than Frank or Oscar!

For adorable Dachshund dog figurines visit AnimalFigurineStore.com.

Pictured above from left to right are Molly, Frank, and T-Bone.  They belong to my aunt and uncle in Oregon.  All three were rescued.  Frank was given up by a college student who was tired of taking care of him.  He was going to be let loose rather than be responsibly given up until my cousin stepped in.  Molly and T-Bone were found on the streets.  It is believed that they may have come from a puppy mill since Molly shows signs of having numerous litters.  T-Bone has degenerative disk disease.  He can walk a little but may need a wheel chair at some point.

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4 Responses to “About the Dachshund Dog Breed”

  1. Information about the Dachshund Dog Breed | Pet Auto Safety Says:

    […] its terrier-type personality traits, the Dachshund dog breed is a hound dog. To learn more detailed information about the Dachshund dog breed visit the American Dog Blog.  Also, the above photo is of a Dachshund figurine.  This figurine […]

  2. Kathleen Says:

    I have two Dachshunds male an female my male has itched his neck an lower part of his body tell his hair is gone he dont have flees an my female has her hair what do i do ive tried everthing please help i love my babies

  3. DogLover Says:

    It sounds like it could be an allergy. Check out http://www.ehow.com/how_5351311_treat-dog-itching-but-fleas.html. It has some great information.

    Or it could be a neurotic behavior which is much harder to treat. Sometimes purebred dogs who were ill-bred by unscrupulous, irresponsible, or ignorant breeders can have mental issues. Only a veterinary specialist who deals with behavior problems can help with this. In the meantime, perhaps have them wear a special collar of some kind.. maybe a thick collar or one of those cone collars.

  4. Wordless Wednesday Blog Hop « American Dog Blog Says:

    […] about Dachshunds at https://americandogblog.wordpress.com/2010/05/08/about-the-dachshund-dog-breed/ GA_googleAddAttr("AdOpt", "1"); GA_googleAddAttr("Origin", "other"); […]

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