Expand your knowledge about the dog breeds of the American Kennel Club (AKC) to dogs of the world. Dogs have been helping people for thousands of years with a myriad of tasks. Dogs have been bred for hunting, herding, farming, cart pulling, guarding, and more. Today, they also police, search and rescue, and provide guidance for the blind.
One particular type of dog breed falls under the definition of a spitz-type dog. Spitz-type dogs are generally thick coated as they originated in the harsh northern regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. They were bred primarily for hunting, herding, and for pulling sleds. Modern-day spitz breeds include dogs of all sizes. Some smaller spitz-type toy dog breeds have been developed including the Pomeranian dog breed and the Papillon. Larger spitz-type dog breeds include the Alaskan Malamute, Eskimo Dog, Samoyed, and more.
A common spitz-type dog of Russia is the Laika dog breeds. There are a few different Laika breeds – Laika being the Russian name for all spitz-type dogs. Laika dog breeds in Russia were used to hunt big game such as elk or bear, and to hunt dangerous game such as wolves. Laika dog breeds were also used to hunt smaller game – more specifically, the East Siberian Laika made a good gun dog.
The West Siberian Laika is the most popular of the Russian Laika dog breeds. He was used to hunt large game as well as to pull a sled. He is also good with hunting small game. The West Siberian Laika can have very similar coloring to a wolf. But they can also be much lighter, black and white, or solid black. Another very distinctive trait of the West Siberian Laika is his curled tail. This curled tail is prominent in most spitz-type dogs. Consider the tail of a Chow Chow, Malamute, or Samoyed.
If you ever visit Russia and see a wolf-like dog with a curly tail, it is probably a West Siberian Laika. It could also be an East Siberian Laika. Another Laika dog breed is the Russo-European Laika which is generally black and white in color.
Now you know a little about the Laika dog breeds of Russia. Share this information with your friends and visit us again for more information on dogs of the world.
(A great source of information on dogs of the world is “The New Encyclopedia of the Dog” by Bruce Fogle.)