Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, or Lord Tweedmouth, developed the Golden Retriever in the 19th century in England. The development of the Golden Retriever dog breed was documented in a stud book. Records report that the first Golden Retrievers came from Lord Tweedmouth’s dogs, Nous and Belle. Nous was a yellow Wavy-coated Retriever and Belle was a Tweed Water Spaniel. Lord Tweedmouth further developed the breed by mixing Nous and Belle’s offspring with other retrievers, setters, and even a Blood Hound.
Golden Retrievers were officially considered a separate breed in 1912 in England and 1927 in the US. Today, the Golden Retriever dog breed is one of the most popular dog breeds in the US. The Golden Retriever is one dog breed, but they are bred as four separate varieties. Some Golden Retriever dog breeds are still being bred as gun dogs, some for field trial competitions, some as show dogs, and some as assistance dogs.
While the four varieties of the Golden Retriever dog breed are bred to emphasize certain characteristics which makes him excel at his duties, all varieties have certain traits in common. The Golden Retriever dog breed is gentle, loving and loyal, and has a great love for life. The Golden Retriever, who always seems to be happy, is known for his “Golden Smile”. He is eager to please which makes him easy to train. He is easygoing which makes him good with other pets, around strangers, and with children. The Golden Retriever dog breed loves to play and enjoys swimming. Perhaps one of his most favorite games is to fetch (or retrieve), a game which he will love even more if he gets to fetch from the water.
As with most dogs bred for hunting, the Golden Retriever dog breed needs regular exercise. He needs regular walks or vigorous play daily. Without physical and mental stimulation, the Golden Retriever dog breed can develop bad habits such as barking, jumping on people, and chewing. Mental stimulation includes training and dog games.
As you can tell by his name, the Golden Retriever dog breed is a gold color. The golden color can be light or dark and can lean towards a blond or red-gold. His coat is medium length, either straight or wavy, and it is dense. The Golden Retriever dog breed does shed so he needs regular brushing, at least twice weekly. He can stand from 21 to 24 inches tall and can weigh between 55 and 75 pounds. The head of the Golden Retriever dog breed is broad and slightly rounded. His eyes are medium large with dark rims and have a kind expression. His nose should be black or dark brown. His ears are short, folded, rounded at the tips, and lie flat against his head. The Golden Retriever dog breed has a thick tail with flowing hair.
The gentle and loving nature of the Golden Retriever dog breed makes him an ideal pet whether you have children or other pets. He is not a great guard dog and he sheds a lot, but all his other wonderful personality traits more than make up for these two disadvantages.
If you are considering getting a Golden Retriever dog breed as a pet, consider getting one from a shelter or a Golden Retriever rescue group. If you want to purchase a Golden Retriever from a breeder, be sure to research the breeder thoroughly. An irresponsible breeder will not know or not care about any genetic health issues common with the Golden Retriever dog breed. Genetic health issues of the Golden Retriever dog breed include hip and elbow dysplasia, skin problems, heart problems, development of mast cell tumors, and progressive retinal atrophy which could lead to blindness. A good breeder will have tested for many of these disorders and would most likely be a member of the Golden Retriever Club of America.